XOLAIR is administered subcutaneously every 4 weeks at 150 mg or 300 mg per dose, or every 2 weeks at 225 mg, 300 mg, or 375 mg per dose. Because the solution is slightly viscous, the injection may take 5 to 10 seconds to administer.
Injection site reactions of any severity occurred at a rate of 45% in XOLAIR-treated patients compared with 43% in placebo-treated patients. The types of injection site reactions included: bruising, redness, warmth, burning, stinging, itching, hive formation, pain, indurations, mass, and inflammation.
XOLAIR has been shown to decrease the incidence of asthma exacerbations in these patients.
Anaphylaxis presenting as bronchospasm, hypotension, syncope, urticaria, and/or angioedema of the throat or tongue, has been reported to occur after administration of XOLAIR. Anaphylaxis has occurred as early as after the first dose of XOLAIR, but also has occurred beyond 1 year after beginning regularly administered treatment. Because of the risk of anaphylaxis, observe patients closely for an appropriate period of time after XOLAIR administration. Health care providers administering XOLAIR should be prepared to manage anaphylaxis that can be life-threatening. Inform patients of the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis and instruct them to seek immediate medical care should symptoms occur (see Warnings and Precautions: Anaphylaxis).
|XOLAIR should only be administered in a healthcare setting by healthcare providers prepared to manage anaphylaxis that can be life-threatening.|
|XOLAIR should not be administered to patients who have experienced a severe hypersensitivity reaction to XOLAIR or any ingredient of XOLAIR (see Warnings and Precautions). XOLAIR should be discontinued in patients who experience a severe hypersensitivity reaction.|
|Malignant neoplasms were observed in 20 of 4127 (0.5%) XOLAIR-treated patients compared with 5 of 2236 (0.2%) control patients in clinical studies of asthma and other allergic disorders.|
|XOLAIR has not been shown to alleviate asthma exacerbations acutely. Do not use XOLAIR to treat acute bronchospasm or status asthmaticus.|
|A constellation of signs and symptoms including arthritis/arthralgia, rash (urticaria or other forms), fever and lymphadenopathy similar to serum sickness have been reported in post-approval use of XOLAIR in some patients. Physicians should stop XOLAIR if a patient develops this constellation of signs and symptoms.|
|Patients should be given and instructed to read the accompanying Medication Guide before starting treatment and before each subsequent treatment.|
|Do not abruptly discontinue corticosteroid use upon initiation of XOLAIR therapy. Decrease corticosteroids gradually under the direct supervision of a physician.|
|In patients ≥12 years of age, the most commonly observed adverse reactions (>1% more frequent in XOLAIR-treated patients) from 4 placebo-controlled asthma studies were arthralgia (8%), pain (general) (7%), leg pain (4%), fatigue (3%), dizziness (3%), fracture (2%), arm pain (2%), pruritus (2%), dermatitis (2%), and earache (2%).|
|The adverse events most frequently resulting in clinical intervention (e.g. discontinuation of XOLAIR, or the need for concomitant medication to treat an adverse event), in either placebo-controlled or other controlled asthma studies, were injection site reaction (45%), viral infections (23%), upper respiratory tract infection (20%), sinusitis (16%), headache (15%), and pharyngitis (11%). These events were observed at similar rates in XOLAIR-treated patients and control patients.|